Presentations at the conference: Strategies for nonviolence in education

Access here those presentations given at the conference that have been supplied to the organisers.

Ms Joan Alty: Peace Clubs

Ms J Button, Ms P Mookoane, Ms T Tyuku: Soul Buddyz Club helps make children safe
Soul City

Mr Kudakwashe Chirambwi: From a culture of violent demonstrations to a culture of peaceful engagement

Dr Anthony Collins: Understanding gender-based violence at universities
Collins 1

Dr Anthony Collins: Acting against gender-based violence at universities
Collins 2

Prof Sinegugu Duma: Acting against sexual violence in the university residences

Ms Hailey Fudu: Child-Led Abuse Prevention: Workshop

Ms Sarah Gordon: “It’s just not going to happen to me”: Addressing fear and gender-based violence among female residence students at the University of KwaZulu-Natal

Dr Chandre Gould: Building youth resilience to crime and violence: a case study from the southern Cape

Prof Geoff Harris: Violence or nonviolence? A comparison of costs and effectiveness

Mr Crispin Hemson: Persistence of violence and implications for change

Ms Charmaine January: Two-fold moral purpose: the principles of Baha’i curriculum development which aims to foster peaceful communities

Mr Stanford Jarvis: The effect of affirmative exercises on teachers and students participating in Alternatives to Violence (AVP) in Cape Town

Prof O Kaya and Ms K Padayachee: Building a culture of non-violence in early childhood development through indigenous knowledge systems
Kaya and Padayachee

Dr Sylvia Kaye: Eliminating violence: rethinking the root causesKaye

Ms Molly Kemp: Role of school social workers with regard to violence
Kemp presentation

Mr Jean Kiyala Kimbuku: Tackling violence in educational environment in South Africa using restorative justice approaches

Prof Shena Lamb-du Plessis: Normalised violence: Narratives of SA Youth

Dr Shermaine Mannah: Department of Basic Education response to school violence
Mannah presentation

Dr Pholoho Morojele: The gendered nature of violence: implications for sustainable schooling

Dr Thabo Msibi: Homophobic violence in South African schools: Beyond heteronormative discourses of violence

Prof Kriben Pillay: The act of looking that dissolves the context of fear and violence
Materials 1
Materials 2
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Materials 4

What strategies emerged from the conference?

Patterns in the Strategies report
Analysis of the reports from the strategy groups reveals these common themes. There are specific action that will flow from the conference, including approaches to some of the relevant Education departments. Generally, these are what emerged from our discussions:
See violence as inherent in the system and not as a marginal phenomenon: address all relationships
Delegates saw violence as affecting a full range of relationships across the education system, from ECD to tertiary levels. The culture of educational institutions needs to change. Thus working against violence needs to include but cannot be reduced to addressing specific outbreaks of violence. One specific proposal is for schools to be encouraged to develop jointly – all staff and students – a common code of conduct to which all are held accountable.
Reporting processes/ending of silence/holding schools accountable
The Departments of Education are asked to set out clearly how young people, teachers and other stakeholders can report violence of all kinds. This may lead to some schools being identified for particular attention. There is a need for workshops to involve teachers and Learner Representative Councils on how such issues need to be addressed.
Education of teachers and other role players, including student leadership
A key problem is the lack of relevant education of teachers at pre-service and in-service levels. Teachers may be taught about violence, but not equipped to deal with it, including dealing with the trauma in their own lives. This requires that people are able to speak about their experience of violence within the education system.
Attention to physical infrastructure
Toilets are a particular area of threat to students and staff; generally there is a need for a greater range of resources for young people to engage with, and this includes libraries, places where young people can develop their reading.
Men as role models
At the level of media, and within education, there is a particular need for men to be visible as people who communicate a sense of respect for themselves and others.
Programmes beyond the formal curriculum
There is a specific role for outside bodies: NGOs, religious, community-based grouping – which could be encouraged to interact with schools and to provide programmes for young people. These would include drama, arts, writing, widening out the range of activities for young people, as well as programmes such as AVP to address specifically the role of trauma in limiting the imagination and hopes of teachers and students.

Strategies session of conference

There was a vigorous session in which groups worked to identify key problems and developed proposals to inform a strategy to address violence and promote nonviolence in education. This led into a full report back – we will post the specifics of the strategy later. What emerged clearly is the need for systemic change towards an education in which there is a culture of mutual respect.Group AGroup BGroup CReport back 2

Keynote address: Prof. Crain Soudien

Critical issues in the conference were pulled together in the talk by Crain Soudien, Deputy Vice Chancellor at the University of Cape Town. He addressed the high levels of violence in South African society and the need to understand better how masculinity has become implicated in violence, the outcome in particular of what apartheid did to the link between generations.
CrainWorking with a particular case of a young man convicted of murder, but who is now a respected person who contributes fully to community life, he spoke of the need for education to develop young people as thinkers, so that the repertoire of responses open to young people includes much more than retaliation for hurt. It is the repertoire of responses that must be addressed if we are to move significantly towards nonviolence.

Responses from the group

Responses from the group

The discussion that followed emphasised the need for young people to be listened to with respect, and for education to be posing the question of what it is to be human.

The nonviolent go partying

party group 3A highlight of the conference has been the social interaction, especially amongst the younger delegates. The eThekwini Municipality sponsored a cocktail evening and music, and delegates had a great time.

Party group 4
This group has students from Luthando High School, Mantomela High School, and Vassar College – institutions that have not previously been connected!

Tho and Crispin
Thobile Mphantshi with Crispin Hemson, ICON Director